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What is Depression?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common & serious medical illness that adversely affects how you feel, the way you think & how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness &/or a loss of interest in hobbies & activities you previously found enjoyment in. The office of national statistics states that 1 in 5 adults in the UK suffer with depression, around 1 in 5 (21%) adults experienced some form of depression in early 2021 (27 January to 7 March); this is an increase since November 2020 (19%) & more than double that observed before the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (10%).


Signs & Symptoms

Most of us feel sad, lonely, or depressed at times. It’s a normal reaction to loss, life’s struggles, or low self-esteem. However, when these feelings grow to be overwhelming, cause physical symptoms & last for extended periods of time, they can keep you from leading a normal, active life.

Symptoms such as:

  • Trouble concentrating, remembering details, & making choices.
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, & helplessness.
  • Negativity & hopelessness.
  • Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or sleeping too much.
  • Loss of interest in things once enjoyable, including sex.
  • Overeating, or appetite loss.
  • Aches, pains, headaches, or cramps that won’t go away.
  • Digestive problems that don’t get better, even with treatment.
  • Constant sad, anxious, or “empty” feelings.
  • Suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts.
  • Low mood, tearfulness or a lack of motivation or interest in anything.

If you or a loved one have symptoms of depression, seek help from a qualified health care professional.


Typically include a combination of psychotherapy & medication.

Be prepared for the process to take some time.